Haval Ahmad

Aberystwyth University

Haval Ahmad is an associate faculty teaching at Royal Roads University and PhD Candidate in International Politics at Aberystwyth University. His research area is in human security, counter violent extremism, de/radicalization, and MENA region.

Kenneth Christie is the Program Head and Professor of the Human Security and Peacebuilding graduate program at Royal Roads University.  Christie is a political scientist, author, editor and international academic who has taught and conducted research at universities in the U.S.A. , Singapore, South Africa, Norway, the United Arab Emirates and Canada.  

Emma MacTavish is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Political Science and International Studies at the University of Birmingham in the UK.

The de facto Autonomous Governance and Stability in the Middle East: The Case of Kurds in Rojava

The fight against ISIS cannot work without effective counter-terrorism. This paper evaluates the success and failures of the Kurdish de facto experience, its impact, and potential in other regional conflict zones in this area.


Borne in Violence: Local Players in Iraq and Syria